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hard

音标[hɑ:d] 真人读音

中文翻译:


a. 坚硬的, 硬的, 难的, 艰苦的, 困难的, 坚固的, 猛烈的, 艰难的, 结实的, 确实的
ad. 坚硬地, 努力地, 辛苦地, 接近地, 猛烈地, 牢固地
【经】 稳定的, 苛刻的
相关词组:
as hard as nails
as hard as the nether millstone
be hard hit by
be hard pressed
be hard put to it to do sth
be hard up for money
go hard with sb
hard and fast
hard at it
hard by
hard done by
hard upon
learn sth the hard way
run sb hard
take sth hard
take it hard
Hard facts prove that...
be in hard condition
be hard at work
hold on hard
look hard at sb
follow hard after sb
as hard as a brick

词型变化:

形容词比较级:harder 最高级:hardest 英汉词典

词意辨析:

difficult, hard
这两个形容词均有“困难”之意。
difficult: 比hard较为正式,侧重需要特别的能力、智力、判断力、技巧或勇气才能克服障碍。也可指深奥或抽象的难题。
hard: 含义广,通俗用词,与easy相对,泛指任何难理解,不好处理或不易做的事。cidianwang.com

英语解释:

形容词 hard:

  1. not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure
    同义词:difficult
  2. dispassionate;
  3. resisting weight or pressure
  4. very strong or vigorous
    同义词:knockout, severe
  5. characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort
    同义词:arduous, backbreaking, grueling, gruelling, heavy, laborious, operose, punishing, toilsome
  6. produced without vibration of the vocal cords
    同义词:unvoiced, voiceless, surd
  7. (of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source
    同义词:concentrated
  8. (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward or touching the velum
  9. given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors
    同义词:intemperate, heavy
  10. being distilled rather than fermented; having a high alcoholic content
    同义词:strong
  11. unfortunate or hard to bear
    同义词:tough
  12. dried out

副词 hard:

  1. with effort or force or vigor
  2. with firmness
    同义词:firmly
  3. earnestly or intently
  4. causing great damage or hardship
    同义词:severely
  5. slowly and with difficulty
  6. indulging excessively
    同义词:heavily, intemperately
  7. into a solid condition
  8. very near or close in space or time
  9. with pain or distress or bitterness
  10. to the full extent possible; all the way
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例句:

  1. The ground is as hard as stone after the drought.
    长期乾旱之後土地硬得就像石头一样。
  2. Don't be too hard on her she's very young.
    别对她太严了--她还小呢。
  3. They work very hard.
    他们工作非常努力。
  4. That was a hard time.
    那是一段艰难的日子。
  5. It's hard to know what he's really thinking.
    很难知道他真正在想什么。

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